Useful interior design is vital for a house to be more functional and aesthetic at the same time.
It is done by understanding the activities and needs of the inhabitants of the house. Interior design can be made eye-catching by focusing on the following factors:
- Comfort and ergonomics
- Materials and coatings
For the sake of effective interior design, understanding the user behaviour and desire is essential to make the place fully functional and aesthetical.
To plan interior design, divide the space into three components:
- Objects in the space
At the same time, interior design must pay attention to the comforts and ergonomics. In the end, coatings and materials represent the most visible and superficial part of the interior design.
Let’s discuss the main components of the interior design in detail:
Layout depends on the positioning of the equipment, either it is fixed or mobile. A sufficient distribution allows you to organize the flow of space and to create the places of permanency.
You must know how to arrange all the objects and furniture in the space. For that purpose, calculate the volume of space inside the area.
To measure this volume, you have to enter the length, width and height of the room in cubic feet calculator.
The layouts are particularly crucial in open architectural plans, where the designer has more freedom.
The interior design should consider the following factors:
- Minimum room dimensions
- Fire escape routes
- Accessibility standards
There is a large amount of literature available that describes the appropriate dimensions for each type of place.
Furniture directly affects the quality of any interior (fixed or mobile).
It is the interior designer’s job to guarantee that his preferences for the project collaborate with the daily functioning of the space.
Especially when it comes to small spaces, dedication to the choice of each piece of furniture is vital.
The reason is that it is usually more useful to design custom furniture for more efficient use of each square centimetre of the place.
Transforming furniture is the most suitable type of furniture for effective designing.
It looks like the future of the furniture industry, which has the following attributes:
- It fits together
- It folds easily
- It increases or decreases in size
Many companies manufacture furniture for small residences, considering the particular dimensions of the spaces.
Compact sofas and dining rooms are examples where each piece takes less space. Plants may not be considered as furniture; however, they are also important in interior design.
They are significant allies when it comes to improving the environmental quality of interior life since they purify the air and absorb common chemicals in residential places.
The most common recommendation is to have plants of medium sizes.
- Comfort and Ergonomics
An uncomfortable, unhealthy or unsafe space can be immensely harmful to people’s physical and mental health.
So, Indoor environmental comfort is vital in an increasingly dense and crowded world.
The place is perceived visually since its colours, brightness, height, and depth determines if the area is safe, cosy, peaceful, flexible or just the opposite.
An appropriate acoustic comfort will allow you to speak with others without having to raise your voice or to listen to a speech in an auditorium without torturing your ears.
Take care of the ventilation system, as bad odours added to the pollution in the room can be toxic to human health.
Ergonomics is the discipline that helps us to design spaces that are well adapted to the physiological, anatomical and even psychological characteristics of the persons.
It determines the relationship between the artificial environment and the behaviours that will be developed by the human body.
So, the success of good interior design is closely related to its detailed analysis.
- Materials and coatings
Materials are different based on factors like aesthetic, function and the cost.
It is crucial to consider the arrangement of each material and the effect that it could have on the environment. The supply of materials is extensive, allowing us to evaluate the factors like:
- Their origin
- Environmental properties
These are related to the ultimate comfort of the space. So, the choice of coating is multidimensional, which must consider the following factors:
- The purpose of the place
The materials must accompany the diversity of the users and the function of the space. While choosing material, it is recommended to consider the use of the area, cleaning conditions and exposure to the environment.
Other factors such as color and texture can contribute to the understanding of the light diffusion and the moods of the persons.
- The substance of the material
The composition of the material defines its resistance, flexibility, and elasticity.
It is appropriate to look at the composition of paints, binders, plastic coatings, or additives that could have long-term harmful or may be beneficial effects on interior air quality.
- The surface layer
Surfaces can be treated to be slip-resistant and waterproof. Elements such as joint covers, edges, mouldings, and handles are designed to facilitate cleaning, avoid accidents, and facilitate movements.
That is how effective interior design is planned.
Summing it up
Understanding human beings psychologically will help us to achieve a high level of comfort, respecting their diversities.
Not all people move the same way in space, and not everyone feels comfortable in the same amount of light.
So, to make an effective interior design, we must understand the nature of the people.
It is vital to consider a complete and multidisciplinary approach when designing spaces focused on well-being, and the in-depth observation. Analysis of each ‘body and mind’ is the key to achieve a successful project.